The International Crisis Group has acknowledged the settlement and development of the liberated territories in Artsakh, and there is nothing Azerbaijan can do about it.
At last, the Armenians have learned from the Turks how to promote their rights, not to feel shy to speak about their rights and not to apologize for their victories. Over 100 years ago the Russian-Turkish powerful propaganda scared the Armenians with a genocide, blaming and denying them their right to live in their homeland.
“Today, after a century since these tragic events, Armenia is more than determined to defend and ensure the right of existence and peaceful development of the Armenian people in their historical motherland, including in Artsakh,” says the statement of the Armenian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the centennial of the massacres of Armenians in Agulis, Nakhijevan.
After the victory in the war in Artsakh the Armenian side did not state its readiness to defend its rights and interests for two decades. Only others, the Russians, Turks, had interests. Now the situation has changed, and the Armenians are going back to events that took place 100 years ago, trying to find out why the Armenians found themselves in the margin when after the collapse of four global states following World War I a lot of states were established.
A few days ago it was the birthday of the U.S. President Woodrow Wilson who played an important role in the history of Armenians. He could have played a bigger role but 100 years ago something prevented Wilson from implementing the arbitration. Was it the stroke?
Wilson thought about the American mandate over Armenia, Dardanelle and Bosporus. On 20 March 1919 he found out that France and the UK had secretly agreed to divide the Ottoman Empire, Ted Widmer wrote in his article published in the New York Times.
Wilson spent 6 months in Paris, attending Paris Peace Conference. On 28 June 1919 the Treaty of Versailles was signed, officially ending World War I. on 2 October 1919 Wilson had a severe stroke and was incapacitated, and it is not clear who then was making decisions in the United States.
During Paris Peace Conference (1919-1920) peace treaties were prepared with Germany (Treaty of Versailles), Austria (Treaty of Saint Germaine), Bulgaria (Treaty of Neuilly), Hungary (Treaty of Trianon) and the Ottoman Empire (Treaty of Sevres, 10 August 1920).
On 22 November 1020 the U.S. President Wilson presented to the allies the arbitration proposal according to which Turkey would give Armenia a territory of 103,599 square km, the two thirds of Van and Bitlis, almost entire Erzurum, the greater part of Trabzon, including the port. As a result the territory of the Republic of Armenia would be 150,000 square km. There was a plan to build a railway to Batum via Georgia. Armenia would have transit preference, and part of the port of Batumi would be leased.
However, in September 1920 Turkey started a large-scale offensive on Armenia, Mustafa Kemal’s troops took Kars, Alexandrapol, threatened the existence of Armenia by the end of November. In the next two years the Kemalists and Bolshevists occupied Armenia, dividing it under the 1921 Treaty of Moscow.
Armenia is making steps towards protection of its rights. The victory in Artsakh made way for this, and the fact that the international organizations acknowledge the settlement of territories is evidence that the right of the Armenian people to live in their homeland has been recognized. Evidence to this are the resolutions passed by the U.S. Congress.